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: Blockchain et pays en développement : vers une technologie maîtrisée ?

Author

Listed:
  • Marc Raffinot

    () (LEDa, UMR DIAL-Paris-Dauphine)

  • Mathieu Raffinot

    () (CNRS/LaBRI, Universite de Bordeaux)

Abstract

(english) Blockchain technologies are very popular, but the way they actually work is often not really understood. Expectations are sometimes disconnected from reality. This is true in the field of application of these technologies to developing countries. We show it by i) describing the details of the blockchain technologies ii) comparing their potentialities with the deter- minants of development and iii) showing the limitations of the blockchain technologies to boost development. We then present technological devices additional to blockchains better suited to the development process by introducing the notion of \blocks host". _________________________________ (français) Les technologies liées à la blockchain sont omniprésentes dans les media mais leur fonctionnement est souvent peu compris et les attentes vis-à-vis de ces technologies sont parfois déconnectées de la réalité. Le domaine du développement ne fait pas figure d'exception, nous le montrons en décrivant tout d'abord plus en détails les technologies liées aux blockchains, puis nous comparons leurs possibilités vis-à-vis des besoins dans ce domaine et faisons apparaître les limites d'application. Enfin, sans revenir sur les limites de la vision technocratique en rapport des besoins réels, nous proposons des pistes technologiques complémentaires aux blockchains mais mieux adaptées au processus de développement, en introduisant la notion d'hébergeur de blocs.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Raffinot & Mathieu Raffinot, 2018. ": Blockchain et pays en développement : vers une technologie maîtrisée ?," Working Papers DT/2018/01, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201801
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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2018/2018-01
    File Function: First version, 2018
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    blockchain ; pays en developpement; crypto-monnaies; systemes financiers; droits de proprietes; hebergeur de blocs.;

    JEL classification:

    • G29 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Other
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • L17 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Open Source Products and Markets
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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