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Conditions de vie dans un quartier pauvre de Djibouti : analyse de l’enquête de référence pour évaluer l’impact d’un projet de développement urbain intégré à Balbala

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Laure Pasquier-Doumer


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

This study aims at analyzing the standard of living of the Balbala residents in Djibouti, whose will benefit from an integrated urban development project (PDUI). The objective of the PDUI project is to improve standard of living of 30,000 people in three districts of Balbala, by developing basic infrastructure, community facilities and social programs. To assess the impact of this project, a baseline survey was conducted in 2010 to measure its standard of living before the project started. This representative survey focuses on four areas, where impact is expected: employment, housing conditions, health and safety. The analysis highlights strong disparities within the area in terms of housing conditions. Very strong imbalances can be observed in the labour market, that result in an excessively small share of the population in employment. These imbalances affect mostly youth and women. However, access to health and safety in these neighborhoods are better than what was hypothesized before the implementation of the survey. _________________________________ Cette étude dresse un panorama des conditions de vie des habitants de quartiers pauvres de la ville de Djibouti bénéficiant du Projet de Développement Urbain Intégré (PDUI). L’objectif du projet PDUI est d’améliorer leurs conditions de vie par le développement d’infrastructures de base, la mise en place d’équipements collectifs et le financement de programmes de développement social. En vue d’évaluer l’impact de ce projet, une enquête de référence a été conduite en 2010 afin de connaître les conditions de vie des ménages avant le lancement du projet. Cette enquête, représentative de la zone, porte sur les quatre domaines sur lesquels un impact est attendu: l’emploi, les conditions d’habitat, la santé et la sécurité. Son analyse met en avant des disparités élevées à l’intérieur de la zone dans les conditions d’habitats. Le marché du travail quant à lui présente de très forts déséquilibres, qui se traduisent par une part excessivement réduite de la population exerçant une activité professionnelle. L’inactivité et le chômage touchent principalement les jeunes et les femmes. En revanche, l’accès à la santé ainsi que la sécurité sont dans ces quartiers meilleurs que ce qui était envisagé au moment de la conception du projet.

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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2011/08.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201108
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