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Travailler à l’âge de la retraite ? Comparaison de la situation dans sept capitales ouest-africaines


  • Philippe Antoine

    () (DIAL, IRD, Dakar)


(English) Until these last years, "55 years" marked the retirement age in the majority of the French-speaking African capitals of West Africa. Only people who were employed in the modern private sector or in the administration could profit from a retirement pension. The increasing presence of active seniors is a question which currently occupies the social scene in West Africa. In addition, the increase in the retirement age is one of the major claims of the trade unions Men are still comparatively numerous working in the group age of 55-59 years (more than 60 % of the). Beyond 60 years old, an important proportion of individuals still work. As they get older, senior workers confine themselves more and more in the informal sector. Pensions distributed in West Africa are relatively moderate. There are not enough to cover family expenses which represent a burden until a relatively advanced age. _________________________________ (français) Jusqu’à ces dernières années « 55 ans » marquait l’âge de la retraite dans la plupart des capitales africaines francophones d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Cependant seules les personnes ayant exercé une activité dans les entreprises privées du secteur moderne de l’économie ou dans l’administration pouvaient bénéficier d’une pension de retraite. La présence plus tardive des personnes âgées au travail est une question qui occupe actuellement la scène sociale en Afrique de l’Ouest et le passage à un âge plus tardif de la retraite est une des revendications majeures des syndicats de la sous-région. Les hommes sont encore relativement nombreux encore à travailler dans le groupe d’âge 55-59 ans (plus de 60 %) ; au-delà de 60 ans une proportion importante d’individus travaille encore. Avec l’âge les travailleurs se cantonnent de plus en plus dans le secteur informel. Les pensions de retraite versées en Afrique de l’Ouest sont relativement modiques, en particulier pour ceux qui exerçaient en dehors du secteur public, et ne suffisent pas à couvrir les charges familiales qui pèsent sur ces personnes jusqu’à un âge relativement avancé.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Antoine, 2007. "Travailler à l’âge de la retraite ? Comparaison de la situation dans sept capitales ouest-africaines," Working Papers DT/2007/13, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200713

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    More about this item


    Retraite; personnes âgées; ville; emploi; Afrique; Retirement; old people; city; labour market; Africa.;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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