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Comment les femmes concilient-elles mariage et travail à Dakar et à Lomé ?

Author

Listed:
  • Agnès Adjamagbo

    () (Laboratoire Population-Environnement-Développement,UMR IRD-Université de Provence 151)

  • Philippe Antoine

    () (DIAL, IRD, Dakar)

  • Donatien Beguy

    () (DIAL, IRD, Dakar)

  • Fatou Binetou Dial

    () (DIAL, IRD, Dakar)

Abstract

(english) Women’s disadvantaged position in the labour market can be explained by conflicts between their roles in exercising an economic activity and in assuming their domestic activities. Husbands’ insufficient or inexistent income has increased women’s role in household survival strategies, but their participation does not have the same sociological meaning in Dakar as it does in Lomé. When women in Dakar take part in an economic activity outside the domestic sphere this clashes with the tenacious model of a clear separation in husbands and wives’ roles, and with the ideal of wives dependency on their husbands. In contrast, in Lomé, although women’s economic independence has been part of the conjugal norm for quite some time, this is tending to be observed more and more frequently outside the formal framework of marriage. In both cases, the fact that women are increasingly called on to find extra income has implications on their family lives. _________________________________ (français) La position défavorable des femmes sur le marché du travail peut s’expliquer par un conflit de rôles entre l'exercice d'une activité économique et les activités familiales qui leur incombent. L’insuffisance ou l’absence de revenu du mari ont accru le rôle des femmes dans la stratégie de survie des ménages, mais leur participation ne revêt pas le même sens sociologique à Dakar et à Lomé. Pour les Dakaroises, l’exercice d’une activité économique hors de la sphère domestique se heurte au modèle tenace d’une forte séparation des rôles entre les conjoints et de l’idéal de la dépendance financière de l’épouse vis-à-vis du mari. À Lomé, par contre, si la norme conjugale intègre depuis longtemps l’indépendance économique des femmes, celle-ci tend à s’exprimer de plus en plus hors des cadres formels du mariage. Ainsi, dans un cas comme dans l’autre, la sollicitation accrue des femmes à la recherche de revenus a des implications sur leur vie familiale.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnès Adjamagbo & Philippe Antoine & Donatien Beguy & Fatou Binetou Dial, 2006. "Comment les femmes concilient-elles mariage et travail à Dakar et à Lomé ?," Working Papers DT/2006/04, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200604
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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2006/2006-04
    File Function: First version, 2006
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Anne-Emmanuèle Calvès, 2016. "First union formation in urban Burkina Faso: Competing relationship transitions to marriage or cohabitation," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 34(15), pages 421-450, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender; Women; Employment; Marriage; Family; Town; Africa; Togo; Senegal; Genre; Femmes; Emploi; Mariage; Famille; Ville; Afrique.;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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