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Gouvernance, Démocratie et lutte contre la pauvreté en afrique : Expérience et point de vue de la population de huit métropoles Enquêtes 1-2-3, Premiers résultats

  • Mireille Razafindrakoto

    ()

    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud

    ()

    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Registered author(s):

    (english) New factors such as governance, ownership and citizen’s participation are now a central focus of development programmes, especially in the scope of the new international poverty reduction strategies (PRSP and HIPC initiatives). To gain a better understanding of countries’ trajectories and their current economic situations, it is interesting to examine what used to be thought of as extra-economic dimensions such as subjective forms of poverty, quality of institutions (especially public institutions) and type of political regime or, more generally speaking, the society’s system of values. To meet this major challenge, we have explored the possibilities offered by household surveys as a tool for measuring these new aspects of development and for monitoring them in quantitative terms. Three specific modules (Multiple Dimensions of Poverty, Governance and Democracy) were added to the 1-2-3 surveys carried out in 2001, 2002 or 2003 in major cities in eight countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo). This document presents a comprehensive, comparative analysis of the first results obtained using these theme-based modules. _________________________________ (français) Des facteurs comme la gouvernance, l’adhésion et la participation des populations sont dorénavant placés au coeur des programmes de développement, en particulier dans le cadre des nouvelles stratégies internationales de lutte contre la pauvreté (initiatives DSRP, PPTE). Pour mieux comprendre la trajectoire et la situation économique actuelle des pays, il convient de se pencher sur des dimensions auparavant considérées comme extra-économiques comme les formes subjectives de la pauvreté, la qualité des institutions (notamment publiques) et le type de régime politique ou plus généralement le système de valeurs de la société. Pour répondre à ce défi majeur, nous avons exploré les possibilités offertes par les enquêtes auprès des ménages en tant qu’instrument de mesure et de suivi quantitatif de ces nouvelles dimensions du développement. Trois modules spécifiques (« Multiples dimensions de la Pauvreté », « Gouvernance » et « Démocratie ») ont été greffés sur les enquêtes 1-2-3 réalisées en 2001, 2002 ou 2003 dans les métropoles de huit pays (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Sénégal, Togo). Ce document présente de façon complète, et dans une perspective comparative, l’ensemble des premiers résultats tirés de ces modules thématiques.

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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2005/2005-18
    File Function: First version, 2005
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    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2005/18.

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    Length: 115 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200518
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