IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Pensent-ils différemment ? La "voix des pauvres" à travers les enquêtes statistiques

  • Mireille Razafindrakoto


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Registered author(s):

    (English) The lack of success of past strategies in reducing poverty has raised doubts as to whether these strategies were really an appropriate response to the needs of impoverished populations. Bearing in mind the aims of the new generation of development programmes to "empower" the poor, representative opinion polls combined with quantitative statistical surveys can be an innovative and effective way of hearing and relaying the "voice of the poor", so that they can affect decisionmaking and influence policy. This method was applied empirically, drawing on an exceptionally rich corpus of household surveys carried out in the capital of Madagascar. First, analysis of living conditions shows an accumulation of handicaps among the poorest - difficulty of finding employment, low access to human and physical capital, vulnerability, poor integration in social life, besides the various forms of deprivation – which even further reduce their chance of rising out of poverty. Second, based on views expressed on a wide range of themes such as economic reform, liberalisation and democracy, it emerges that, on many issues, the opinions of the poor do not differ fundamentally from those of the population as a whole. The specificity of the poor’s message lies in their strong "need for the State". _________________________________ (français) Les résultats peu probants des stratégies passées en termes de réduction de la pauvreté ont conduit à se demander si elles répondaient effectivement aux besoins des populations démunies. Suivant l'objectif de la nouvelle génération de programmes d'accroître la participation et le pouvoir des pauvres ("empowerment"), les enquêtes d’opinions, quantitatives et statistiques, constituent un instrument original et efficace, pour écouter et relayer la "voix des pauvres" afin qu'ils puissent influer sur l'orientation des politiques. Cette méthode a été appliquée de façon empirique en tirant parti d’un corpus d’enquêtes auprès des ménages exceptionnellement riches, réalisées dans la capitale malgache. En premier lieu, l'analyse des conditions de vie démontre l'accumulation de handicaps chez les plus démunis - difficultés d'accès à l'emploi, au capital humain et physique, vulnérabilité, moindre insertion dans la vie de la société, en plus des différentes formes de privations - qui réduit d'autant leur chance de sortir de la pauvreté. En second lieu, en s’appuyant sur les opinions exprimées dans différents registres thématiques (réformes économiques, libéralisation, démocratie), il apparaît que, dans de nombreux domaines, le point de vue des pauvres ne diffère pas fondamentalement de celui de l’ensemble de la population. La spécificité du message formulé par les pauvres réside dans le fort « besoin d’Etat » qu’ils manifestent.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 2001
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2001/13.

    in new window

    Length: 42 pages
    Date of creation: 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200113
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    4, rue d'Enghien, 75010 Paris

    Phone: + 33 1 53 24 14 50
    Fax: + 33 1 53 24 14 51
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200113. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Loic Le Pezennec)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.