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Migrations internationales, libre-échange et intégration régionale

Listed author(s):
  • Denis Cogneau


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Georges Tapinos

    (IEP de Paris)

The paper proposes an overview of the links between trade openness and international migration. Written in 1997, it is reedited here as a tribute to Geroges Tapinos, died suddendly on 20 November 2000. The paper argues that free trade policies presently proposed by developed countries to developing countries and countries in transition do not give a credible answer to the foreseen raise of international migration flows. The modest impact of trade opening on medium-term growth, as revealed by specialized studies, combined with the uncertain attractiveness of eligible countries for private investment or public transfers, call for a change in perspective and suggest considering from now on migration and development as to separate problems. Development is a self-sufficient goal for the whole society while emigration is an individual choice which may reflect a lack of confidence in national development prospects. _________________________________ Le papier propose une synthèse de la relation existant entre ouverture commerciale et migrations internationales. Ecrit en février 1997, il est réédité ici en mémoire de Georges Tapinos, décédé subitement le 20 novembre 2000. Il argumente que les politiques actuelles de libre-échange proposées par les pays développés aux pays en développement ou en transition ne constituent pas une réponse crédible à l’accroissement prévu des flux migratoires. L’incidence modeste de l’ouverture commerciale sur la croissance à moyen terme, que révèlent les études d’impact, et l’incertitude quant à l’attrait que pourraient exercer les pays concernés sur les investissements privés et les transferts publics, invitent à un changement de perspective et suggèrent d’envisager désormais migration et développement indépendamment l’un de l’autre. Le développement est un objectif en soi pour la société dans son ensemble, l’émigration, l’exercice d’un choix individuel, qui peut traduire un manque de confiance dans les perspectives nationales de développement.

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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2000/12.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2000
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200012
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