IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/dia/wpaper/dt199909.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Libéralisation commerciale et emploi en Tunisie : un modèle d'équilibre général calculable avec salaires d'efficience

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamed Ali Marouani

    () (DIAL, Université Paris1-Panthéon-Sorbonne/IEDES.)

Abstract

(english) Within a multisectoral general equilibrium framework, we explicitly model endogenous wage differentials between sectors. The model, based on efficiency wage theory (the Shirking Model) is used to assess the impact of trade liberalization on employment and wages in Tunisia. Highly skilled workers are the main losers because their specialization reduces their mobility in the short run. We show that the results are different from those obtained with an exogenous wage differentials CGE model in terms of employment, but also mainly in terms of income distribution among the different categories of workers. These findings are explained by the different labour market closures in the two models: Unemployment is the equilibrating variable in the efficiency wage model, while it is the average wage in the exogenous wage differentials model. _________________________________ (français) Dans le cadre d’un modèle d’équilibre général, nous modélisons les écarts de salaires intersectoriels en recourant à la théorie du contrôle imparfait des travailleurs. Le modèle est utilisé pour évaluer l’impact de l’ouverture de l’économie tunisienne sur l’emploi et les salaires. Les principaux perdants sont les travailleurs très qualifiés en raison de leur spécialisation qui réduit leur mobilité à court terme. Nous montrons par ailleurs que les résultats diffèrent de ceux obtenus avec un modèle à différentiels de salaires exogènes, en terme d’emplois, mais surtout en terme de distribution des revenus entre les différentes catégories de travailleurs. Ceci est dû principalement à l’arbitrage salaires / emplois différent dans les deux modèles. La variable d’équilibre du marché du travail est le chômage dans le modèle à salaires d’efficience, alors que le salaire moyen constitue la variable d’ajustement dans le modèle à différentiels de salaires exogènes.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Ali Marouani, 1999. "Libéralisation commerciale et emploi en Tunisie : un modèle d'équilibre général calculable avec salaires d'efficience," Working Papers DT/1999/09, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt199909
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/1999/1999-09
    File Function: First version, 1999
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:rss:jnljms:v7i6p4 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt199909. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Loic Le Pezennec). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diallfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.