IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Libéralisation commerciale et emploi en Tunisie : un modèle d'équilibre général calculable avec salaires d'efficience

Listed author(s):
  • Mohamed Ali Marouani


    (DIAL, Université Paris1-Panthéon-Sorbonne/IEDES.)

(english) Within a multisectoral general equilibrium framework, we explicitly model endogenous wage differentials between sectors. The model, based on efficiency wage theory (the Shirking Model) is used to assess the impact of trade liberalization on employment and wages in Tunisia. Highly skilled workers are the main losers because their specialization reduces their mobility in the short run. We show that the results are different from those obtained with an exogenous wage differentials CGE model in terms of employment, but also mainly in terms of income distribution among the different categories of workers. These findings are explained by the different labour market closures in the two models: Unemployment is the equilibrating variable in the efficiency wage model, while it is the average wage in the exogenous wage differentials model. _________________________________ (français) Dans le cadre d’un modèle d’équilibre général, nous modélisons les écarts de salaires intersectoriels en recourant à la théorie du contrôle imparfait des travailleurs. Le modèle est utilisé pour évaluer l’impact de l’ouverture de l’économie tunisienne sur l’emploi et les salaires. Les principaux perdants sont les travailleurs très qualifiés en raison de leur spécialisation qui réduit leur mobilité à court terme. Nous montrons par ailleurs que les résultats diffèrent de ceux obtenus avec un modèle à différentiels de salaires exogènes, en terme d’emplois, mais surtout en terme de distribution des revenus entre les différentes catégories de travailleurs. Ceci est dû principalement à l’arbitrage salaires / emplois différent dans les deux modèles. La variable d’équilibre du marché du travail est le chômage dans le modèle à salaires d’efficience, alors que le salaire moyen constitue la variable d’ajustement dans le modèle à différentiels de salaires exogènes.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: First version, 1999
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/1999/09.

in new window

Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Dec 1999
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt199909
Contact details of provider: Postal:
4, rue d'Enghien, 75010 Paris

Phone: + 33 1 53 24 14 50
Fax: + 33 1 53 24 14 51
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt199909. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Loic Le Pezennec)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.