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Politique éducative et marché du travail en Afrique du Sud. Une analyse en EGC

Author

Listed:
  • Hélène Maisonnnave

    (Post-doc fellow at Free State University, Economic department and CARE Université de Rouen)

  • Benard Decaluwé

    (Départment d’économique, CIRPEE, Université Laval et Réseau)

Abstract

Cet article analyse l'impact d'une augmentation des dépenses publiques en éducation sur la performance du système éducatif sud africain et ses conséquences sur le marché du travail en utilisant un Modèle d'Équilibre Général Calculable (MEGC) en dynamique séquentielle. Le système éducatif sud africain porte des stigmates de l'Apartheid et une intervention publique plus accentuée est l'un des moyens envisagés pour corriger les inégalités héritées de l'ancien régime politique. Nos résultats montrent une amélioration des performances des étudiants et des effets positifs à court terme sur l'économie. A long terme, la population sud africaine, et en particulier les African devient plus qualifiée, mais l'économie ne créant pas suffisamment d'emplois, une partie des ces nouveaux qualifiés se retrouve au chômage.

Suggested Citation

  • Hélène Maisonnnave & Benard Decaluwé, 2010. "Politique éducative et marché du travail en Afrique du Sud. Une analyse en EGC," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2010033, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2010033
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    Cited by:

    1. Hannah Schuerenberg-Frosch, 2015. "How to Model a Child in School? A Dynamic Macrosimulation Study for Tanzania," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(1), pages 117-139, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    modèles d’équilibre général calculable; éducation; Afrique du Sud;

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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