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La survie des nouvelles entreprises culturelles : le rôle du regroupement géographique


  • Xavier GREFFE

    (Université Paris 1, Paris School of Economics)

  • Véronique SIMONET

    (Université Paris 1, Paris School of Economics)


A partir des données de l’enquête SINE 98 de l’INSEE, une étude économétrique de la survie des entreprises culturelles fait apparaître les résultats suivants. Premièrement, le pourcentage d’entreprises qui meurent chaque année n’est pas stable au cours du temps et diffère selon le secteur considéré (arts visuels, spectacle vivant, patrimoine, édition, audiovisuel ou produits culturels). Le risque industriel apparaît une fois ces premières années passées. Deuxièmement, le taux de survie des entreprises culturelles est très sensible à leur regroupement géographique. Si la proximité d’entreprises ayant la même activité est néfaste à la survie des entreprises culturelles, une forte concentration d’activités culturelles variées est très fortement bénéfique à leur survie. L’effet de synergie l’emporte sur l’effet de concurrence. il donne un fondement à la productivité des regroupement d’entreprises culturelles qualifiés de pôle de compétitivité culturel ou de district culturel.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier GREFFE & Véronique SIMONET, 2008. "La survie des nouvelles entreprises culturelles : le rôle du regroupement géographique," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2008034, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2008034

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Docquier, Frédéric & Faye, Ousmane & Pestieau, Pierre, 2008. "Is migration a good substitute for education subsidies?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 263-276, June.
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    6. Stark, Oded & Wang, Yong, 2002. "Inducing human capital formation: migration as a substitute for subsidies," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 29-46, October.
    7. Acemoglu, Daron, 1994. "Search in the Labour Market, Incomplete Contracts and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1026, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Cominelli & Xavier Greffe, 2013. "Why and how intangible cultural heritage should be safeguarded," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Cultural Heritage, chapter 20, pages i-i Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item


    Economie de la culture; districts culturels; modèle de durée; concentration géographique;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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