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Salaire minimum, allocations chômage et efficacité du marché du travail

Listed author(s):
  • Frédéric GARVEL

    (CERENE, Université du Havre)

  • Isabelle LEBON

    (CERENE, Université du Havre)

En utilisant un modèle d’appariement avec différenciation des qualifications, nous étudions l’effet du salaire minimum sur le fonctionnement du marché du travail. L’introduction d’un salaire minimum semble améliorer l’adéquation des travailleurs aux emplois en rendant les “mauvaises” associations impossibles. Trois résultats principaux sont ainsi établis. Premièrement, le salaire minimum est suffisamment élevé pour contraindre effectivement la formation des salaires, les allocations Chômage perdent tout effet positif sur la productivité et deviennent invariablement inéfficientes (en excluant les situations de sur-emploi). Finalement, des simulations numériques montrent que l’introduction d’un salaire minimum peut-être un meilleur instrument de régulation du marché du travail que l’augmentation des allocations chômage.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2008013.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2008
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2008013
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