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Aspects stratégiques d’une politique environnementale incitative

Author

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  • Yolande HIRIART

    (Université de Toulouse (LEERNA-IDEI))

Abstract

Nous analysons une politique environnementale menée de façon unilatérale par un Pays Développé, destinée à lutter contre une pollution globale. Dans un cadre de concurrence internationale, nous étudions les conséquences d'une telle politique sur la répartition géographique des activités de production, sur les émissions globales, et sur la recherche de technologie propre de la part des firmes. Nous montrons principalement que des considérations stratégiques amènent les gouvernements à des politiques laxistes. Ce résultat de dumping écologique est robuste au type de concurrence puisque nous l'obtenons aussi bien pour une concurrence en prix que pour une concurrence en quantités.

Suggested Citation

  • Yolande HIRIART, 2004. "Aspects stratégiques d’une politique environnementale incitative," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2004013, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2004013
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2004013.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, January.
    2. Brander, James A., 1995. "Strategic trade policy," Handbook of International Economics,in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1395-1455 Elsevier.
    3. Barbara J. Spencer & James A. Brander, 1983. "International R & D Rivalry and Industrial Strategy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 707-722.
    4. Jonathan Eaton & Gene M. Grossman, 1986. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(2), pages 383-406.
    5. Ulph, A., 1994. "Environmental policy and international trade: a survey of recent economic analysis," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9423, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    6. Rauscher, Michael, 1994. "On Ecological Dumping," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 822-840, Supplemen.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Régulation environnementale; Concurrence imparfaite; Risque moral; Dumping écologique;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy

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