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Une approche alternative du zonage

Author

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  • Gilles DURANTON

    (Département de Géographie, London School of Economics)

Abstract

Cet article propose une analyse du zonage à partir d'une modélisation explicite des économies d'agglomération. Au sein de chaque zone, les firmes et les ménages sont en concurrence pour occuper le sol. Le transport pour aller d'une zone à l'autre est soumis à de la congestion. L'interaction entre les économies d'agglomération et les coûts de congestion peut engendrer un équilibre de marché pour lequel les firmes sont trop concentrées en centre-ville ou bien trop dispersées. En cas de concentration trop faible, il est montré qu'un seul instrument fiscal peut rétablir l'efficacité. Au contraire, si la concentration est trop forte, il est possible d'utiliser une régulation quantitative simple. Toutefois, l'usage pratique de ces instruments demeure délicat du fait de la sensibilité de l'organisation urbaine optimale à certains paramètres difficiles à estimer. Le reste de l'analyse propose un certain nombre de variations autour du modèle initial.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles DURANTON, 1997. "Une approche alternative du zonage," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 1997034, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:1997034
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/1997034.pdf
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations

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