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Welfare Effects of `1992': A General Equilibrium Assessment for EC and EFTA Countries

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  • Haaland, Jan I.

Abstract

In this paper production, trade and welfare effects of European integration are discussed, with particular emphasis on the effects for the EC and EFTA. Insight from previous partial and general equilibrium analyses of the internal market are reviewed, and new model simulations are presented. In addition to the `standard' experiments of `1992' as reduced trade costs and as full market integration for the EC alone, and for the European Economic Area (EEA), an intermediate case, with full integration in the EC but only lower trade costs between the EC and EFTA, is analysed. All cases show that EFTA will benefit significantly from freer trade and closer integration with the EC. With regard to non-European regions, the simulations of European integration show some degree of trade diversion, but stylized model experiments indicate that a successful outcome of the Uruguay Round may more than offset the trade-diverting effects of `1992'.

Suggested Citation

  • Haaland, Jan I., 1993. "Welfare Effects of `1992': A General Equilibrium Assessment for EC and EFTA Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 828, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:828
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jo┼że P. Damijan & Igor Masten, 2002. "Time Dependent Efficiency of Free Trade Agreements - The Case of Slovenia and the CEFTA Agreement," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 33(1), pages 147-160.
    2. Fritz Breuss, 2003. "Austria, Finland and Sweden in the European Union. Economic Effects," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 8(4), pages 131-158, December.
    3. Harald Badinger & Fritz Breuss, 2011. "The Quantitative Effects of European Post-war Economic Integration," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume III, chapter 14 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EC; Economic Integration; EFTA; European Economic Area (EEA); GATT;

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation

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