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French Post-war Growth: From (Indicative) Planning to (Administered) Market


  • Sicsic, Pierre
  • Wyplosz, Charles


France's post-war growth has gone through four phases. The strong growth performance of the 1950s was helped by a phenomenon of catch-up on best foreign practices, and by a positive effect of capital rejuvenation. Yet the best performance was to follow and covered a period beginning around 1958 and coming to an abrupt end in 1973. The macroeconomic treatment of the oil shock was less than happy, and the supply-side measures came to a standstill. The 1980s proved no better, even though further liberalization measures were taken, this time in the financial markets as well the privatization of significant part of state-owned industry.Despite several waves of liberalization, significantly after the creation of the EEC and the return of the franc to convertibility, both in 1958, and then in the 1980s, France still appears to be struggling and suffering from lingering powerful rigidities. Labour market institutions and human capital accumulation may have replaced protection and inefficient productive capital accumulation as the main source of slower growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Sicsic, Pierre & Wyplosz, Charles, 1994. "French Post-war Growth: From (Indicative) Planning to (Administered) Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 1023, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1023

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Casey B. Mulligan & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1993. "Transitional Dynamics in Two-Sector Models of Endogenous Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 739-773.
    2. Alberto Alesina & Dani Rodrik, 1994. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(2), pages 465-490.
    3. Zvi Bodie & John B. Shoven, 1983. "Financial Aspects of the United States Pension System," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bodi83-1, January.
    4. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
    5. Laurence J. Kotlikoff & David A. Wise, 1987. "The Incentive Effects of Private Pension Plans," NBER Chapters,in: Issues in Pension Economics, pages 283-340 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Bartelsman, E.J. & Caballero, R.J. & Lyons, R.K., 1991. "Short and Long Run Externalities," Papers 91-18, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
    7. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
    8. Michael J. Boskin & John B. Shoven, 1987. "Concepts and Measures of Earnings Replacement During Retirement," NBER Chapters,in: Issues in Pension Economics, pages 113-146 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    France; Growth; Human Capital; Planning; Post-war Reconstruction;

    JEL classification:

    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • N1 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations
    • N2 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions
    • P0 - Economic Systems - - General


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