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L'économiste face aux innovations qui font époque : les relations entre histoire et théorie

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  • Boyer, Robert

Abstract

L'opinion publique et les responsables politiques se tournent vers l'économiste lorsque surviennent des évolutions paradoxales et sont démenties les anticipations des agents les mieux informés. Or la théorie économique s'est développée en postulant, au moins à titre méthodologique, la stationnarité des mécanismes économiques. L'économiste fait alors face à de difficiles questions: dispose-t-il des outils pour analyser une configuration réputée sans précédent? Lui faut-il recombiner les outils antérieurement forgés ou en développer de nouveaux? Ou encore, peut-il rechercher dans quelle mesure des précédents historiques livrent quelques enseignements généraux? L'article traite de ces questions à partir de trois exemples contemporains: la grande transformation des économies de type soviétique, le lancement de l'Euro et le statut de la nouvelle économie.

Suggested Citation

  • Boyer, Robert, 2001. "L'économiste face aux innovations qui font époque : les relations entre histoire et théorie," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 0112, CEPREMAP.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:0112
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    File URL: http://www.cepremap.fr/depot/couv_orange/co0112.pdf
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists
    • B14 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist
    • N01 - Economic History - - General - - - Development of the Discipline: Historiographical; Sources and Methods

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