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Evaluación de la influencia de la revaluación del tipo de cambio sobre la demanda de turismo en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Raúl Quejada Pérez

    ()

  • Felipe Del Río Carrasquilla

    ()

Abstract

El turismo representa una actividad fundamental dentro de una economía, por los diferentes impactos que tiene sobre otros sectores. En el mundo se está viviendo cierto auge en la actividad turística, reflejando Colombia similares tendencias en esta materia. Recientemente se está presentando un fenómeno revaluativo del tipo de cambio peso-dólar, aspecto este que motiva al estudio de tal situación, e indagar la influencia que tiene esta variable sobre la demanda de exportaciones y de importaciones turísticas, lo que constituye el objeto de estudio del presente trabajo. El método de MCO (Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios) es la herramienta que permite la consecución de tal propósito, luego de verificar la existencia de raíces unitarias. Finalmente los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que para los turistas extranjeros los precios relativos no resultan ser determinantes al decidir considerar a Colombia como destino turístico y que los colombianos que deciden efectuar turismo en el exterior están aprovechando el contexto revaluativo favorable, que se refleja en las progresivas disminuciones en el nivel de precios internos. ****** The tourism represents a fundamental activity inside an economy, for the different impacts that it has on other sectors. In the world one is living certain peak in the tourist activity, reflecting Colombia similar tendencies in this matter. Recently it is showing up a phenomenon revaluativo of the exchange rate peso-dollar, aspect this that motivates to the study of such a situation, and the influence that has this variable on the demand of exports to investigate and of tourist imports, what constitutes the object of study of the present work. The method of MCO (Square Ordinary Minima) is the tool that allows the attainment of such a purpose, after verifying the existence of unitary roots. Finally the obtained results allow to conclude that for the foreign tourists the relative prices don't turn out to be decisive when deciding to consider to Colombia like tourist destination and that the Colombians that decide to make tourism in the exterior taking advantage the context favorable revaluativo that is reflected in the progressive decreases in the level of internal prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Raúl Quejada Pérez & Felipe Del Río Carrasquilla, 2007. "Evaluación de la influencia de la revaluación del tipo de cambio sobre la demanda de turismo en Colombia," REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO 006207, UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000407:006207
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    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/405
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    Keywords

    turismo; demanda; revaluación; precios relativos; tourism; demand; revaluation; relative prices.;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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