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Desarrollo local en las Islas del Rosario

Listed author(s):
  • William Prieto


  • Johana Acosta


Las Islas del Rosario constituyen una de las principales atracciones turísticas de la ciudad de Cartagena, sin embargo los altos índices de pobreza y miseria que presenta la población residente indican una realidad económica y social muy diferente al vigoroso desarrollo turístico de la región. Con ingresos per cápita mensuales de $107.207, 64% de la población se encuentra en condiciones de pobreza, y 36% en miseria. El desarrollo económico y social evaluado a partir del Índice de Desarrollo Humano (IDH) 2007 revela al nivel de ingresos como la principal dificultad para el avance económico y social, representando 18% del total de la distancia que ha recorrido la población hacia el máximo desarrollo humano posible. El nivel educativo (36%), y la esperanza de vida (47%) se erigen como las principales fuentes de desarrollo hasta el momento. En agregado, la población se encuentra en el 58% de sus posibilidades de desarrollo económico y social.La estrategia de desarrollo local que se discute en este documento promueve un crecimiento económico sostenible en el mediano y largo plazo, a partir de tres ejes estratégicos: La implementación óptima (gestión/resultados) de políticas públicas, el sistema de transporte público, y la regulación ambiental de nuevas construcciones. El efecto esperado de la implementación de la estrategia de desarrollo es una disminución en la pobreza de 50%, medida por el índice de necesidades básicas insatisfechas y el Índice de Pobreza Humana (IPH), y de 100% medida por un índice de ingresos (Incidencia y Sen), ambas reducciones ambientalmente compatibles con el ecosistema de las Islas. ****** The Rosario Islands make up one of the main tourist attractions of the city of Cartagena. Nevertheless, the high poverty and misery rates that population has today, shows a very different economic and social reality from the dynamic tourist development of the region. The population receive $107,207 as per capita income monthly, 64% of inhabitants are in poor conditions, and 36% in misery. The economic and social development evaluated from Human Development Rates (HDR) 2007 reveals the income level as the main difficulty for the economic and social advance, which represents 18% of the total of the distance that the population has crossed to the maximum possible human development. The educational level (36%) and life expectancy (47%) are the main sources of development up to now. Collectively, the population is in 58% of possibilities of economic and social development. The strategy of local development that is discussed in this document promotes a sustainable economic growth in short and long term, from three strategical axes such as The optimal implementation (management/result) of public policies, the system of public transport, and the environmental regulation of new constructions. The expected effect of the implementation of strategical development is in a 50% of poverty, measured by an income rate of unsatisfied basic necessities and the Rate of Human Poverty (RHP), and a 100% of measurements by an income rate, both environmental reductions are compatible with the island ecosystem.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA in its series REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO with number 006203.

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Length: 73
Date of creation: 12 Dec 2007
Handle: RePEc:col:000407:006203
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