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Convergencia: del análisis del nivel de actividad económica a las variables sociales. Una revisión de la literatura del caso colombiano

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  • Katherine Aguirre Tobón

Abstract

Resumen: Las diferencias regionales en el nivel de actividad económica han sido amplio tema de discusión y análisis en Colombia. La aplicación de la metodología tradicional planteada por Barro y Sala-i-Martin y además de metodologías alternativas, ha permitido concluir, para la mayoría de los casos, que los departamentos de Colombia muestran una distribución persistente en los ingresos. Variables de corte social, político, económico y geográfico, entran en los diferentes trabajos con el objetivo de condicionar los estados estacionarios a los cuales convergen los departamentos. Finalmente, la convergencia en indicadores alternativos al ingreso es revisada por los trabajos más recientes, los cuales muestran convergencia en la mayoría de los indicadores utilizados.Summary: regional differences in the economic activity have been a widespread topic in the national economic debate and analysis. Different methodologies including the traditional based in Barro and Sala-i-Martin and their alternatives allow to conclude (for the majority of the papers) that there is a persistent distribution in the national income. Social, political, economic and geographical variables have been also used in order to condition the different steady states of the Colombian departments. Finally, alternative variables to the income are used in most the most recent documents that mostly conclude convergence in that indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Katherine Aguirre Tobón, 2008. "Convergencia: del análisis del nivel de actividad económica a las variables sociales. Una revisión de la literatura del caso colombiano," Documentos de CERAC 005241, CERAC -Centro de Recursos para el Análisis de Conflictos.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000150:005241
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crecimiento económico; convergencia económica; indicadores sociales; ingreso / Economic growth; convergence; social indicators; income;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R19 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Other

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