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Gender, Poverty and Labour Market Dynamics: A Microsimulations Analysis for Urban Colombia between 1990 and 2004


  • Jairo Guillermo Isaza Castro



This paper analyses the extent to which income distribution and poverty changes in Colombian urban areas between 1990 and 2004 may be explained by gender dynamics in the labour market. For this purpose, the authors use household surveys microdata in order to perform a microsimulations analysis, following the methodology proposed by de Reis and Paes de Barros (1991). As a main conclusion, it is found that if labour market conditions of 1990 would prevailed in 2004, there would be a deterioration of poverty, income distribution and gender labour income inequality. In addition, it is observed that poverty headcount ratio diminished between 1990 and 2004 in urban Colombia but the number of men and women living with incomes below the poverty line grew up during this period.

Suggested Citation

  • Jairo Guillermo Isaza Castro, 2010. "Gender, Poverty and Labour Market Dynamics: A Microsimulations Analysis for Urban Colombia between 1990 and 2004," SERIE DE DOCUMENTOS EN ECONOMÍA Y VIOLENCIA 006888, CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN VIOLENCIA, INSTITUCIONES Y DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO (VIDE).
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000137:006888

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gronau, Reuben, 1988. "Sex-Related Wage Differentials and Women's Interrupted Labor Careers--The Chicken or the Egg," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(3), pages 277-301, July.
    2. Schultz, Theodore W, 1980. "Nobel Lecture: The Economics of Being Poor," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(4), pages 639-651, August.
    3. Patrick J. McEwan, 1995. "Heterogeneidad en el sector informal urbano de Colombia," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 013220, FEDESARROLLO.
    4. Carmen Elisa Flórez, 2002. "The Function Of The Urban Informal Sector In Employment," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006883, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    5. Edgar L. Feige, 2004. "How Big IS the Irregular Economy?," Macroeconomics 0404005, EconWPA.
    6. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
    8. Hugo López, 1990. "Inestabilidad laboral y ciclo de vida en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, vol. 20(1), pages 173-191, March.
    9. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    10. Rocío Ribero, 2003. "Gender Dimensions Of Non-Formal Employment In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002762, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    11. repec:mes:challe:v:22:y:1979:i:5:p:5-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Honig, Benson, 1998. "What determines success? examining the human, financial, and social capital of jamaican microentrepreneurs," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 371-394, September.
    13. Kurt Annen, 2005. "Economic Returns to Social Capital in the Urban Informal Sector in Developing Countries: Micro Evidence from Small Textile Producers in Bolivia," Development and Comp Systems 0511011, EconWPA.
    14. Klarita Gërxhani, 2004. "The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries: A Literature Survey," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 120(3_4), pages 267-300, September.
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    More about this item


    Colombia; poverty and income distribution; gender; labor economics;

    JEL classification:

    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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