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Efectos sobre bienestar y pobreza de la política comercial agrícola: el caso del arroz en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez

    ()

  • Daniel Gómez

    ()

  • Alejandro Becerra

    ()

Abstract

El arroz procesado juega un papel importante en la canasta familiar de los hogares colombianos, y en particular, en la canasta de los más pobres. Por lo tanto, cambios en el precio del arroz tienen un efecto grande sobre medidas de bienestar social. Partiendo de la observación de que el precio del arroz blanco en Colombia ha sido históricamente superior al precio del arroz en países vecinos como Ecuador y Perú, en este trabajo analizamos el efecto de la política comercial en el proceso de formación de precios del arroz y lo comparamos con otros posibles factores explicativos. Encontramos que la política comercial reduce el bienestar de consumidores de arroz y lo transfiere hacia cultivadores de arroz paddy. Mostramos que independientemente de consideraciones relacionadas con la estructura del mercado nacional, el efecto de la política comercial sobre el precio del arroz en Colombia es particularmente regresivo. Un incremento en el precio del arroz de 20% resulta en un aumento de 413,148 personas bajo la línea de pobreza y de 147,584 personas adicionales cayendo bajo la línea de indigencia, siendo el sector rural el principal afectado.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Daniel Gómez & Alejandro Becerra, 2014. "Efectos sobre bienestar y pobreza de la política comercial agrícola: el caso del arroz en Colombia," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 011558, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:011558
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/232
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    Keywords

    Política comercial; precios del arroz; Excedente del productor; excedente delconsumidor; pobreza; Colombia.Trade policy; agriculture; producer surplus; consumer surplus; poverty;

    JEL classification:

    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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