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Ana?lisis econo?mico del mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda en el sector ele?ctrico colombiano (Julio de 2017)

Author

Listed:
  • John J. Garci?a

    ()

  • Alejandro Gutierrez

    ()

  • Luisa Vargas Tobo?n

    ()

  • Hermilson Velasquez

    ()

Abstract

Resumen Este arti?culo toma como referencia el programa de Respuesta de la Demanda (RD) implementado en el mercado ele?ctrico de Estados Unidos coordinado por PJM, considerado como uno de los casos de mercado ma?s exitosos a nivel mundial, para determinar el impacto econo?mico que podri?a representar un programa de RD para el mercado ele?ctrico colombiano. Se propone la implementacio?n de un programa de RD con un objetivo de 600 MW en su fase madura y al considerar su participacio?n en el precio del mercado se pudo evidenciar que para el an?o 2015, este habri?a podido representar una disminucio?n promedio del precio de bolsa durante las horas de despacho de la RD, de un 30%, con los cuales se estima un ahorro aproximado de 130.000 millones de pesos colombianos, adema?s de que en te?rminos de confiabilidad del sistema se habri?a podido evitar situaciones de incertidumbre del abastecimiento como las ocurridas en los momentos ma?s cri?ticos del evento El Nin?o ocurrido entre 2015 y 2016. Abstract This paper is based upon the PJM market Demand Response Program, which it is considered as one of the most successful DR mechanisms over the world. Based on its design, the economic impact that could be achieve if a similar DR program were implemented in the Colombian market was determined. A DR program has been proposed that could achieve 600 MW of capacity in a mature stage. When its impact was took into account in the market price, it was found that for 2015 its impact in the DR dispatch hours could achieve lowering spot price in around 30%. With these results it can be estimated that the system could save about COP130.000 million, regardless of its contribution to the system reliability that, in the past El Nin?o event (2015-2016), could have reduced blackout risks.

Suggested Citation

  • John J. Garci?a & Alejandro Gutierrez & Luisa Vargas Tobo?n & Hermilson Velasquez, 2017. "Ana?lisis econo?mico del mecanismo de respuesta de la demanda en el sector ele?ctrico colombiano (Julio de 2017)," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 015819, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000122:015819
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10784/11813
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    Keywords

    ARIMAX – ARCH; Beneficios Econo?micos; Colombia; Incentivos; Mecanismo de Respuesta de la Demanda; Redes Inteligentes.ARIMAX – ARCH; Colombian; Demand Response Program; Economics Benefits; Incentives; Smart Grid.;

    JEL classification:

    • D47 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Market Design
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities

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