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La salud en Colombia: más cobertura pero menos acceso

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  • Jhorland Ayala

    ()

Abstract

El presente documento evalúa los determinantes del acceso a los servicios médicos en Colombia con datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Calidad de Vida del año 2012, considerando características de la oferta y la demanda de salud conjuntamente. Se encontró que el acceso a los servicios médicos se redujo en Colombia entre 1997 y 2012. Este comportamiento fue desigual al interior de las regiones: Antioquia y la región Oriental experimentaron un aumento en el indicador, mientras que las regiones Caribe, Centro, Bogotá, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Orinoquía y Amazonía registraron una disminución. Los resultados de los modelos probit muestran que las características de la demanda explican en mayor medida la probabilidad de acceso que las características de la oferta. Por último, se evidencian diferencias regionales significativas en el acceso para el 2012.*****Abstract: This paper evaluates the determinants of access to health care services in Colombia with data from the National Survey of Quality of Life in 2012, considering the characteristics of supply and demand of health care together. It is found that access to medical services decreased in Colombia between 1997 and 2012. This performance was uneven within regions: Antioquia and the Oriental region experienced an increase in the indicator, while the Caribe, Central, Bogotá, San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, Orinoco and Amazon regions reported a decrease. The results of the probit models show that the demand characteristics explain further the access probability that the characteristics of the supply. Finally, significant regional differences were observed in the access for 2012.

Suggested Citation

  • Jhorland Ayala, 2014. "La salud en Colombia: más cobertura pero menos acceso," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 011883, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011883
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    Keywords

    acceso a servicios médicos; modelos probit; diferencias regionales.;

    JEL classification:

    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality

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