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Diferencias departamentales en las causas de mortalidad en Colombia


  • Andrea Otero



The main mortality causes for Colombia in 2010 are in the direction of the phenomenon known as Epidemiologic Transition. Among these we can find neoplasms and heart diseases as the factors with highest death incidence. Physical aggressions and homicides also cause a large number of deaths in the country, especially among male population. By regions, neoplasms are the main mortality cause for women, in 30 of 33 departments of the country, and homicides are the main cause for men, in 29 of 33 departments. Also it is important to point out that in some departments of the Amazon Region the acute respiratory infections are still among the top three of mortality causes. This result shows that these areas have suffered a systematic lack of targeted public policies to improve their quality of life and that they are lagged behind in comparison with the rest of the country in terms of economic and social development. RESUMEN: Las principales causas de mortalidad en Colombia para 2010 responden al fenómeno de la transición epidemiológica. Entre estas se encuentran las neoplasias y las enfermedades isquémicas del corazón, por el lado de las enfermedades. Por el lado de las causas externas, las agresiones físicas y homicidios también tienen un gran impacto sobre la mortalidad del país, sobre todo para los hombres. Por regiones, las neoplasias son la principal causa de muerte para las mujeres en 30 de los 33 departamentos estudiados y para los hombres son los homicidios en 29 de 33 departamentos. También es importante señalar que en algunos departamentos de la región de la Amazonía las infecciones respiratorias agudas siguen siendo una de las tres principales causas de mortalidad. Este resultado pone en evidencia la pobreza y rezago económico y social que existe en estas zonas y la falta sistemática de políticas públicas enfocadas en combatir sus problemas específicos.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero, 2013. "Diferencias departamentales en las causas de mortalidad en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 010831, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010831

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    Mortalidad; transición epidemiológica; desarrollo económico; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General

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