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La industria de lácteos en Valledupar: primera en la región Caribe

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  • Karelys Guzmán Finol

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to provide a diagnosis of the dairy chain in Cesar. In particular the advantages and opportunities of this productive activity are pointed out as well as its role in the regional and national level, emphasizing on the primary link (milk production) and secondary chain (dairy industry). This paper also describes the international trade of dairy products, identifying the weaknesses the sector face, and the main issues that policy makers should take care of. The results show that Cesar has been one of the most important departments of the Caribbean Region in terms of the production and storage of raw milk. Furthermore, Cesar stands out for its bovine inventory, and for having the largest number of processing plants. Additionally, Cesar´s dairy industry generates the largest gross production, value added and employment in the regional industry. RESUMEN: Esta investigación tiene como objetivo realizar un diagnóstico de la cadena de lácteos en el Cesar. Se puntualizan las ventajas y oportunidades de esta actividad productiva en el departamento y el papel que este juega a nivel regional y nacional, haciendo énfasis en el eslabón primario (la producción de leche) y secundario (la industria de derivados lácteos) de la cadena. Además, se describe el comercio internacional de sus productos lácteos, identificando algunas debilidades del sector y los temas que merecen la atención de los hacedores de política. Se encontró que el Cesar ha sido uno de los departmentos más importantes del caribe en cuanto a la producción y acopio de leche cruda. Además, se destaca por su inventario bovino, por tener el mayor número de plantas de procesamiento que utilizan al menos 500 litros de leche diarios y porque su industria genera la mayor producción bruta, valor agregado y empleo en la región. Su importancia trasciende la costa caribe y podría llegar a convertirse en el primer productor y exportador de lácteos del país.

Suggested Citation

  • Karelys Guzmán Finol, 2013. "La industria de lácteos en Valledupar: primera en la región Caribe," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 010634, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010634
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    Keywords

    Cesar; leche cruda; derivados lácteos; industria; comercio internacional.;

    JEL classification:

    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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