IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Geografía del déficit de vivienda urbano: Los casos de Barranquilla y Soledad

Listed author(s):
  • Luis Armando Galvis


This paper analyzes the housing gap in Barranquilla and Soledad during 1993, 2005 and 2009. Employing the methodology applied by the National Department of Statistics, DANE, for the measurement of the housing gap in 1993 and 2005, the results showed that in the city of Barranquilla the percentage of households without housing gap has been increasing and those in shortage went from being in qualitative to the quantitative housing gap. This may be result of its improvement in public services. The municipality of Soledad shows the majority of households in shortage problems that can be improved, particularly those related to public services. In characterizing households in shortage we modified the methodology by DANE to identify homes that are in the double disadvantage of presenting qualitative and quantitative shortage. From new calculations binomial probit and logit multinominal models were estimated, to establish the nature of the choice of housing. The latter was preferred, first because it allows differentiating the decision of households living in quantitative shortage, qualitative or both. However, the estimations were used as an auxiliary model, given that the alternatives on the choice of a household with quantitative or qualitative shortage are not independent, the statistical tests suggested the estimation of a system of equations in the form of a bivariate probit. The results of the bivariate model suggest that there is a negative relationship between the level of income, education and the age of the head with the likelihood that this home is in shortage; In addition, when the household head is female or is married, the probability of qualitative shortage increases. It is worth mentioning that Barranquilla households are more likely to be in quantitative shortage than the ones from Soledad. RESUMEN: El presente documento analiza el déficit de vivienda en Barranquilla y Soledad durante los años 1993, 2005 y 2009. Se emplea la metodología aplicada por el DANE para la medición del déficit habitacional. Los resultados muestran que en la ciudad de Barranquilla ha venido aumentado el porcentaje de hogares sin déficit y que aquellos en déficit pasaron de estar en el renglón del cualitativo al cuantitativo. Esto puede ser resultado de su mejoría en la cobertura en servicios públicos. En el municipio de Soledad la mayoría de los hogares en déficit tienen problemas susceptibles de mejorar, especialmente en lo que se refiere a servicios públicos. Con el fin de caracterizar los hogares en déficit, se modificó la metodología del DANE para identificar los hogares que están en la doble desventaja de presentar déficit cuantitativo y cualitativo. A partir de estos nuevos cálculos se utilizaron los modelos probit binomial y logit multinomial, para establecer la naturaleza de la escogencia de la vivienda, prefiriéndose éste último sobre el primero pues permite diferenciar la decisión de los hogares de estar en déficit cuantitativo, cualitativo o en ambos. No obstante, dado que las alternativas sobre la escogencia de un hogar con déficit cuantitativo o cualitativo no son independientes se optó por la estimación de un sistema de ecuaciones en la forma de un probit bivariado. De los resultados del modelo bivariado se concluye que existe una relación negativa entre el nivel de ingresos, la educación y la edad del jefe con la probabilidad que el hogar este en déficit; además, cuando en el hogar el jefe es mujer o el jefe tiene pareja, la probabilidad de encontrarse en déficit cualitativo aumenta. Cabe resaltar que los hogares de Barranquilla tienen una mayor probabilidad de encontrarse en déficit cuantitativo que los de Soledad.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no


in new window

Length: 60
Date of creation: 28 Feb 2011
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008046
Contact details of provider:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000102:008046. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Banco De La República - Economía Regional)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.