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Globalización Asimétrica Y Desarrollo Precario: Una Perspectiva Andina

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  • EDGARDO MONCAYO JIMENEZ

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Abstract

RESUMENLa globalización es un fenómeno asimétrico y heterogéneo que ofrece oportunidades para algunas sociedades, pero que también tiene severos impactos negativos en otras. Este documento muestra los resultados de una evaluación empírica de los efectos que ha tenido para los países andinos, su inserción en la economía global en los últimos dos decenios. Para el efecto, se examinan cuatro ejes temáticos: crecimiento; comercio internacional; flujos financieros y la inversión extranjera directa; y equidad social. Se concluye con una relación (no exhaustiva) de las políticas de desarrollo que los países andinos deberían adoptar (o profundizar) para mejorar la calidad de su inserción internacional.ABSTRACTGlobalization is a highly asymmetric and heterogeneous process that could represent benefits for some societies, but, at the same time, severe negative effects for others. This paper carries out an empirical evaluation of the results for the Andean countries of its participation in the global economy, during the last two decades. To this effect, four thematic areas are examined: growth; international trade; financial flows and Foreign Direct Investment; and social equity. It concludes with a non-exhaustive enunciation of the developmental policies that the Andean countries could adopt (or intensify) to improve the quality of its insertion in the international economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Edgardo Moncayo Jimenez, 2008. "Globalización Asimétrica Y Desarrollo Precario: Una Perspectiva Andina," ECONOMÍA, GESTIÓN Y DESARROLLO 005238, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - CALI.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000097:005238
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    1. Douglass C. North, 1990. "A Transaction Cost Theory of Politics," Journal of Theoretical Politics, , vol. 2(4), pages 355-367, October.
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    Keywords

    Palabras clave: Crecimiento; comercio internacional; inversión extranjera directa; equidad social y países andinos.Key words: Economic growth; international trade; foreign investment; social equity and andean countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F59 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Other

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