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Comprendiendo la Globalización

Listed author(s):
  • Jaime Rafael Ahcar Olmos


RESUMEN Debido al uso indiscriminado que se hace del concepto globalización, es pertinente que nos cercioremos de entenderlo correctamente. Si entendemos la globalización como un fenómeno complejo, reversible, que no es nuevo, ni homogéneo y que consiste en el incremento de las múltiples redes de interdependencia a distancias supracontinentales, en sus diversas dimensiones, gracias al aumento de la rapidez y a la reducción de los costos de transporte y de las comunicaciones, y a los procesos de liberalización y apertura, podremos alcanzar una mejor comprensión de cómo la globalización transforma nuestras sociedades. En sí misma la globalización no podrá mejorar o empeorar el mundo en el que vivimos. Los efectos del proceso de globalización estarán asociados a las decisiones políticas, de producción y consumo que tomen los agentes generadores de la globalización que se encuentran en la parte alta de la pirámide de influencia, encabezada por los gobiernos de los países más poderosos, las firmas multinacionales y los organismos multilaterales. Los movimientos alterglobalización, la comunidad académica y estudiantil y los ciudadanos del común pueden contribuir a la construcción de una globalización alternativa que contribuya a garantizar el desarrollo sostenible y la reducción de las desigualdades a escala global. ABSTRACT Due to the indiscriminate use that is done of the concept of globalization, there becomes pertinent that we make sure of understanding it correctly. If we deal to globalization as a complex, reversible phenomenon, which is neither new, nor homogeneous and that implies the increase of the multiple nets of interdependence to supra-continental distances in its different dimensions thanks to the increase of the rapidity and the reduction of the costs of transport and communications, and to the processes of liberalization and opening, we will be able to reach a better comprehension of how the globalization transforms our societies. It is not globalization itself that will be able to improve or to worsen the world in which we live. The effects of the process of globalization will be associated with the political, production and consumption decisions that there take the generating agents of the globalization who are in the high part of the pyramid of influence, headed by the governments of the most powerful countries, the multinationals corporations and the multilateral organizations. The alterglobalization movements, the academic and student community and the ordinary citizens can contribute to the construction of an alternative globalization that helps to guarantee the sustainable development and the reduction of worldwide inequities.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - CALI in its series ECONOMÍA, GESTIÓN Y DESARROLLO with number 003875.

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Date of creation: 18 Jul 2007
Handle: RePEc:col:000097:003875
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