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¿Lavado de Activos en Zonas Rurales?: Evidencia Empírica para Colombia

Author

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  • Hernando Bayona

    ()

Abstract

Esta investigación muestra por primera vez evidencia empírica de la existencia de la lavado de activos en zonas rurales con presencia de cultivos ilícitos. Para esto, se estiman una serie de modelos que relacionan distintas medidas de los Reportes de Operaciones Sospechosas (ROS), medidas que recogen las dinámicas de lavado de activos, con la presencia de cultivos ilícitos. Para las estimaciones se utiliza un panel municipal entre 2000 y 2010 que contiene variables que permiten controlar por actividad económica, violencia, conflicto, instituciones e incluso medidas de interdicción. Se encuentra una relación positiva entre las diferentes medidas de los ROS y los cultivos ilícitos, la cual se mantiene a través de diversas especificaciones y ejercicios de robustez. Se encuentra que un aumento de 1% en el área cultivada con coca aumenta el lavado de activos en 4,86%. Se concluye la existencia de lavado de activos, identificado mediante los ROS, en zonas rurales.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernando Bayona, 2015. "¿Lavado de Activos en Zonas Rurales?: Evidencia Empírica para Colombia," Documentos CEDE 013548, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:013548
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2015-26.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Hernando Bayona-Rodríguez & Catherine Rodríguez & J. Sebastián Melo, 2017. "Financial inclusion of the poor and money laundering indicators: empirical evidence for Colombia," Documentos CEDE 015600, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Lavado de Activos; Cultivos Ilícitos; Reporte de Operaciones Sospechosas; ROS.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War

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