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Conflictos asociados al uso del suelo: una aproximación al área de conservación óptima en el Páramo de Santurbán

Author

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  • Laura Calderón Etter

    ()

Abstract

Los servicios ecosistémicos que prestan los páramos no cuentan con un precio de mercado y como consecuencia la asignación del uso del suelo en estos ecosistemas resulta ineficiente. En este artículo se estudia el caso del Páramo de Santurbán usando un enfoque de optimización dinámica para analizar las decisiones óptimas de uso del suelo, contemplando tres usos excluyentes del mismo: conservación, agricultura y minería. Se encuentra que incluir el valor de los servicios ecosistémicos en las decisiones de uso del suelo hace que resulte óptimo conservar por lo menos el 74% del área del páramo y que tener en cuenta potenciales externalidades negativas de la minería aumenta el área óptima a conservar y a dedicar a actividades agrícolas, mientras que el área óptima de extracción minera disminuye en más del 75%.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Calderón Etter, 2014. "Conflictos asociados al uso del suelo: una aproximación al área de conservación óptima en el Páramo de Santurbán," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011195, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:011195
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2014-14.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    ecosistemas de alta montaña; servicios ecosistémicos; conflicto de uso del suelo; costos de oportunidad; optimización dinámica.;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • D04 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Policy: Formulation; Implementation; Evaluation
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics

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