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Violencia doméstica y mercados laborales: ¿Previene el trabajo femenino la violencia doméstica?

Author

Listed:
  • Margarita Gáfaro

    ()

  • Ana María Ibáñez

    ()

Abstract

Pese a que la creciente participación de las mujeres en el mercado laboral ha propiciado un cambio en las dinámicas de género, la violencia en contra de las mujeres en el hogar es un fenómeno con una alta persistencia. El presente trabajo explora si una mayor autonomía económica de la mujer, dada por el trabajo fuera del hogar, causa una reducción en la violencia doméstica en Colombia. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que el efecto del trabajo de la mujer sobre la probabilidad de maltrato es heterogéneo entre mujeres que han sido alguna vez maltratadas y mujeres que nunca lo han sido. El trabajo no tiene efectos sobre la propensión inicial de un hogar a presentar hechos de violencia doméstica. Sin embargo, las mujeres que han sido maltratadas parecen encontrar en el trabajo un mecanismo para obtener poder de negociación en el hogar y protegerse de futuras agresiones.

Suggested Citation

  • Margarita Gáfaro & Ana María Ibáñez, 2012. "Violencia doméstica y mercados laborales: ¿Previene el trabajo femenino la violencia doméstica?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009822, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009822
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2012-17.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    violencia doméstica; trabajo femenino; probit bivariado;

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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