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Los retornos a la inversión en cuidado preventivo en salud infantil


  • Adriana Camacho
  • Lorena Caro


Este trabajo cuantifica el retorno de la inversión en cuidado preventivo en términos de la reducción del número de hospitalizaciones o urgencia para niños entre 0 y 5 años en laciudad de Bogotá. Para ello se utilizó un panel de individuos construidos a partir de los Registros de visitas reportados por las IPS (RIPS) desde 2003 hasta 2007, con el que se hace un seguimiento de los servicios de salud demandados por cada individuo a lo largo de este periodo. Adicionalmente este trabajo explota como variación exógena la modificación que se dio en la legislación en 2004, donde se eliminan las cuotas moderadoras para los servicios preventivos requeridos por los menores de un año de edad. De esta forma se encuentra que un incremento en un 1% de las consultas, reducen en 0.56% el número de hospitalizaciones para los niños que son beneficiarios por la legislación, mientras que no se encuentra efecto de las consultas sobre el número de urgencias.

Suggested Citation

  • Adriana Camacho & Lorena Caro &, 2010. "Los retornos a la inversión en cuidado preventivo en salud infantil," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007909, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:007909

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Foster, Andrew D & Rosenzweig, Mark R, 1995. "Learning by Doing and Learning from Others: Human Capital and Technical Change in Agriculture," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(6), pages 1176-1209, December.
    2. Beuermann, Diether W., 2011. "Telecommunications Technologies, Agricultural Profitability, and Child Labor in Rural Peru," Working Papers 2011-002, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. Emily Oster & Rebecca Thornton, 2009. "Determinants of Technology Adoption: Private Value and Peer Effects in Menstrual Cup Take-Up," NBER Working Papers 14828, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Santiago Montenegro & Álvaro Pedraza, 2009. "Falling Kidnapping Rates and the Expansion of Mobile Phones in Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006652, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    5. Robert Jensen, 2007. "The Digital Provide: Information (Technology), Market Performance, and Welfare in the South Indian Fisheries Sector," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 879-924.
    6. Jenny Aker, 2008. "Does Digital Divide or Provide? The Impact of Cell Phones on Grain Markets in Niger," Working Papers 154, Center for Global Development.
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    More about this item


    producción de salud; cuidado preventivo; copagos.;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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