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(English) Representation of migrants in Italian history and geography textbooks (Italiano) Rappresentazione dei migranti nei libri di testo italiani di storia e geografia

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  • Adriana Valente
  • Tommaso Castellani
  • Silvia Caravita

Abstract

(English) An important aspect of science education is represented by textbooks. Textbooks provide a context for understanding the relationship between knowledge and values, and to observe how the research results are presented to the society. In this working paper we analyze how the phenomenon of human migrations is dealt in Italian history and geography school textbooks. The choice of concentrating in particular on books of geography and history of specific classes is based on an analysis of the official directions of the Italian Ministry of Education for school curricula. We produced a grid of analysis which includes several dimensions, with the aims of detecting the differences between the current scientific debate on human migrations and the information contained in the textbooks, and of revealing the value system conveyed implicitly and explicitly by the images and the text. While scientific research shows that human migration in Italy is an extremely heterogeneous phenomenon, on the textbooks we found an oversimplified representation of it. Implicit values such as biological determinism and sexism emerge, and critical gender issues are present. (Italiano) Un aspetto importante della didattica della scienza è rappresentato dai libri di testo. I libri di testo forniscono un contesto per comprendere la relazione tra conoscenze e valori e per osservare in che modo i risultati di ricerca sono presentati alla società. In questo working paper analizziamo come è trattato il fenomeno delle migrazioni umane nei libri di testo scolastici italiani di storia e geografia. La scelta di concentrarsi sui libri di testo di storia e geografia di classi e anni specifici si è basata su un’analisi delle Indicazioni Nazionali del Ministero dell’Istruzione. Sono state costruite delle griglie d’analisi che hanno incluso diverse dimensioni, con l’obiettivo di individuare le differenze tra l’attuale dibattito scientifico sulle migrazioni e l’informazione contenuta nei libri di testo, e di rivelare i sistemi di valori impliciti e impliciti veicolati dai libri di testo. Mentre la ricerca scientifica mostra come le migrazioni in Italia siano un fenomeno estremamente eterogeneo, sui libri di testo abbiamo trovato una rappresentazione di esso eccessivamente semplificata. Emergono valori impliciti come il determinismo biologico e il sessismo, e sono presenti rilevanti questioni di genere.

Suggested Citation

  • Adriana Valente & Tommaso Castellani & Silvia Caravita, 2014. "(English) Representation of migrants in Italian history and geography textbooks (Italiano) Rappresentazione dei migranti nei libri di testo italiani di storia e geografia," IRPPS Working Papers 59:2014, National Research Council, Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies.
  • Handle: RePEc:cnz:wpaper:59:2014
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    File URL: http://www.irpps.cnr.it/e-pub/ojs/files/journals/4/articles/97/public/97-346-1-PB.pdf
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    Keywords

    (English) Textbooks; Science Education; Human Migration; School Curricula (Italiano) Libri di Testo; Didattica della Scienza; Migrazioni; Curricula Scolastici;

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