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Gas Prices Variations and Urban Sprawl: an Empirical Analysis of the 12 Largest Canadian Metropolitan Areas

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  • Georges A. Tanguay
  • Ian Gingras

Abstract

We conduct a multivariate analysis of the potential impact of higher gas prices on urban sprawl in the 12 largest Canadian Metropolitan Areas for the period 1986-2006. Controlling for variables such as income and population, we show that higher prices of gas have contributed significantly to reduce urban sprawl. On average, a 1% increase in gas prices has caused: i) a 0.32% increase in the population living in the inner city and ii) a 1.28% decrease in low-density housing units. Our results also show that higher incomes have played a significant role in increasing urban sprawl. Nous procédons à une analyse multivariée afin de déterminer les effets d'une hausse du prix de l'essence sur l'étalement urbain dans les 12 plus grandes régions métropolitaines canadiennes pour la période 1986-2006. En tenant compte de variables de contrôle comme le revenu et la population, nous démontrons que des prix de l'essence plus élevés ont contribué significativement à réduire l'étalement urbain. En moyenne, une hausse de 1 % du prix de l'essence a mené à: i) une augmentation de 0,32 % de la population vivant au centre des villes et ii) une baisse de 1,28 % des logements à faible densité. Nos résultats démontent aussi que les hausses des revenus des ménages ont été un facteur significatif ayant contribué à l'étalement urbain.

Suggested Citation

  • Georges A. Tanguay & Ian Gingras, 2011. "Gas Prices Variations and Urban Sprawl: an Empirical Analysis of the 12 Largest Canadian Metropolitan Areas," CIRANO Working Papers 2011s-37, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2011s-37
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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2011s-37.pdf
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    Keywords

    Urban Sprawl; Gas Prices; Canadian Metropolitan Areas.; Étalement urbain; prix de l'essence; régions métropolitaines canadiennes.;

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