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Éco-activités, création de valeur et compétitivité


  • Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné


Most governments acknowledge nowadays the strategic importance of the environmental goods and services industry (or eco-industry), in the new economy centered on knowledge, innovation and environmental protection. However, the underlying dynamics of this booming sector is still poorly understood. This presentation will first provide a brief outlook of the eco-industry, its scope, recent development and growth potential, in particular in Latin America. It will next show that the value this industry does and might further create relies essentially, from a public policy standpoint, on a Smithian innovation process, and from a management perspective, on a relational rather than transactional approach to customer-supplier relationships. Several implications for policymaking and business strategy will be discussed. Les gouvernements sont aujourd'hui unanimes à reconnaître l'importance avérée et stratégique des éco-activités dans la nouvelle économie axée sur la connaissance, l'innovation et la protection de l'environnement. Les mécanismes qui sous-tendent la dynamique de ce secteur émergent et l'innovation environnementale en général restent toutefois largement méconnus. Cet essai cherchera d'abord à présenter le domaine des éco-activités, son périmètre, son développement récent et ses perspectives en termes de croissance, d'emploi et d'impact sur l'environnement. Il fera ensuite la démonstration que la valeur créée par les éco-activités participe, du point de vue des décideurs publics, d'une logique smithienne de l'innovation, et dans une perspective managériale, d'une approche relationnelle plutôt que transactionnelle des rapports entre clients et fournisseurs. Les défis que ce constat entraîne pour les pouvoirs publics et les entreprises seront enfin soulignés.

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  • Bernard Sinclair-Desgagné, 2011. "Éco-activités, création de valeur et compétitivité," CIRANO Working Papers 2011s-36, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2011s-36

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    Competitiveness; eco-activities; eco-industry. ; Compétitivé; éco-activités; éco-industrie;

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