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Las identidades nacionales en América latina y en Europa

  • Carlos Escudé

Cuando cayó Roma, su vasto imperio se segmentó en muchos sentidos, incluido el lingüístico. En las regiones romanizadas el latín vulgar evolucionó de manera diferente en cada parroquia, dando lugar a una multitud de lenguas vernáculas romances. En las regiones menos romanizadas renacieron las lenguas indígenas, también muy segmentadas. Esto cambió cuando, con la introducción de la imprenta de caracteres móviles, comenzó un proceso inverso de amalgama de dialectos vernáculos. Algunos se erigieron en lenguas literarias que eventualmente reemplazaron al latín eclesiástico. Así emergieron unas protonacionalidades lingüísticas que fueron la base a partir de la que eventualmente surgieron las identidades nacionales europeas. La mayor parte de las “naciones” tuvieron su propia lengua, y esto determinó la obsesión étnica de los nacionalismos europeos, frecuentemente violenta.

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Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 405.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:405
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