A população de deficientes no Estado de Minas Gerais: uma análise exploratória a partir dos censos demográficos de 2000 e 2010
The main goal of this article is to make an exploratory analysis on the population of disabled people in the State of Minas Gerais using two general approaches, namely: spatial and demographic. For this, we used data from sample Censuses of 2000 and 2010. The results of the 2000 census showed the presence of 24,5 million Brazilians with some kind of disability, i.e., 14,5% of the population in that year. Already in the 2010 census were registered 45,6 million people (23,9%) with some of the deficiencies studied. Coincidentally, the State of Minas Gerais had something very close to this average in both censuses. What we want to evaluate, then, are the patterns of spatial distribution and demographics for the types of disabilities proposed by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), through coropletic mapping of gross rates standardized. Is expected, therefore, contribute to the advancement of studies related to population of disabled people in Minas Gerais, at the level of municipalities, because being a relatively unexplored, it is believed that this mapping reveal spatial patterns relevant to the development and implementation of public policies aimed at this segment, as well as allow the elaboration of some preliminary hypotheses that can be evaluated in future studies.
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