IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

A transição demográfica no Brasil: as possibilidades e os desafios para a economia e a sociedade


  • Fausto Brito



Between 1940 and 2000, 129 million inhabitants were added to the Brazilian population, an average of 21,5 million per decade. In the first half of XXI century, estimatives suggest, on average, an addition of 90 million inhabitants to the Brazilian population, 2,5 times the population of Argentina in 2005, 18 million inhabitants per decade. Less than in the previous century, but still a considerable population. This is the first demographic question to be analyzed in this article, from the perspective of its consequences for the public policies design. The second is the reduction of the fertility and not only its impact in the growth of the population, but also in the age structure. From the perspective of the transition of the age structure, three phenomena must be considered: reduction of the relative weight of the young population; increase of the degree of population aging, the ratio of people with sixty and five years of age or more; and the growth of the working-age population until 2050. The set of public policies that are conditioned by the age structure of the population, for example, the policies in the field of education, health, labor market and social security, must take into account the demographic changes. Otherwise, its efficiency will be reduced and it will not fulfill its main goal: economic development with reduction of the social inequalities.

Suggested Citation

  • Fausto Brito, 2007. "A transição demográfica no Brasil: as possibilidades e os desafios para a economia e a sociedade," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td318, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td318

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    population growth; decline in fertility; age structure; public policies; Brazil;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td318. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gustavo Britto). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.