IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Recommendation on Smokeless Tobacco Products


  • World Health Organization


Smokeless tobacco use is a significant part of the overall world tobacco problem. Smokeless tobacco products are tobacco products without combustion or pyrolysis at the time of use. The prevalence of use is relatively high in many countries especially in South Asia (1). There is a great diversity of smokeless tobacco products and smokeless tobacco use patterns across the globe (1, 2). Oral use is by far the most common behaviour. Nasal use is very rare. Different smokeless tobacco products have a range of health hazards that differ in magnitude. Many of the products have not been studied for ingredients and health effects.

Suggested Citation

  • World Health Organization, 2003. "Recommendation on Smokeless Tobacco Products," University of California at San Francisco, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education qt1bw868h7, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, UC San Francisco.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:ctcres:qt1bw868h7

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:;origin=repeccitec
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1994:84:3:399-404_3 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cdl:ctcres:qt1bw868h7. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lisa Schiff). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.