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La aparente revolución del emprendimiento en Chile. Una perspectiva espacial

Author

Listed:
  • Miguel Atienza

    () (Departamento de Economía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile)

  • Marcelo Lufín

    () (Departamento de Economía, Instituto de Economía Aplicada Regional (IDEAR))

  • Gianni Romani

    (Departamento de Administración , Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile)

Abstract

The promotion of entrepreneurship has become one of the main policies of the Chilean development strategy in the last decade and has been considered as a means to improve local development. The government declared as a success the creation of 250,000 new firms in the last four years. This article uses an occupational definition of entrepreneurship to analyze the scope of this apparent revolution and its location patterns in 2009 and 2011 with information from the Socioeconomic Characterization Survey (CASEN). The results show that it is not appropriate to talk about an entrepreneurship revolution in Chile. Furthermore, the analysis of spatial patterns and entrepreneurship clusters reveals high heterogeneity among local areas according to the characteristics of their entrepreneurs. In this context, national entrepreneurship policies exclusively oriented to the increase in the number of firms could perpetuate spatial inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Atienza & Marcelo Lufín & Gianni Romani, 2014. "La aparente revolución del emprendimiento en Chile. Una perspectiva espacial," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 51, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201405
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    File URL: https://sites.google.com/a/ucn.cl/wpeconomia/archivos/WP2014-05.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2014
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    Cited by:

    1. Mauricio Oyarzo & Gianni Romani & Miguel Atienza & Marcelo Lufin, 2015. "Spatio-temporal persistence of municipal rates of business start-ups in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 61, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2015.

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    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; location; regional and local development;

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