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Large Mining Enterprises and Regional Development: Between the Enclave and Cluster

Author

Listed:
  • Martin Ignacio Arias

    () (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

  • Miguel Atienza

    () (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

  • Jan Cademartori

    () (ORDHUM - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

Abstract

Various regions have recently proposed the creation of clusters around large-scale mining. However, until the 1986s, mining regions were predominantly considerer productive enclaves. This article analyzes the case of the Antofagasta Region, the main mining region in Chile. A descriptive analysis is put forward that addresses the ideal types of the mining cluster and enclave, establishing as criteria of comparison the mechanisms proposed by Marshall as sources of agglomeration economies. Despite strong growth, the Antofagasta Region approximates more a mining enclave than a cluster. This implies the need to revise and adapt the concept of enclave to the current reality.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Ignacio Arias & Miguel Atienza & Jan Cademartori, 2012. "Large Mining Enterprises and Regional Development: Between the Enclave and Cluster," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 15, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201201
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    File URL: https://sites.google.com/a/ucn.cl/wpeconomia/archivos/WP2012-01.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Enclave; cluster; multi-national corporations; minig regions;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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