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Large Mining Enterprises and Regional Development: Between the Enclave and Cluster

  • Martin Ignacio Arias


    (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

  • Miguel Atienza


    (IDEAR - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

  • Jan Cademartori


    (ORDHUM - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile)

Various regions have recently proposed the creation of clusters around large-scale mining. However, until the 1986s, mining regions were predominantly considerer productive enclaves. This article analyzes the case of the Antofagasta Region, the main mining region in Chile. A descriptive analysis is put forward that addresses the ideal types of the mining cluster and enclave, establishing as criteria of comparison the mechanisms proposed by Marshall as sources of agglomeration economies. Despite strong growth, the Antofagasta Region approximates more a mining enclave than a cluster. This implies the need to revise and adapt the concept of enclave to the current reality.

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File Function: First version, 2012
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Paper provided by Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics in its series Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional with number 15.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision: Mar 2012
Handle: RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201201
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