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The Efficiency Case of Universality

The paper analyzes the replacement of universal social programs with targeted social benefits. We define "universality" as separability of tax/transfer system in income and other non-monetary attributes, and introduce the concept of "parallel equity" - a requirement that like differences in needs should be treated alike. We develop a model which shows that under specificed assumptions universality is efficient as well as equitable; "clawback" results in an inefficient structure of net marginal tax rate.

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File URL: http://www1.carleton.ca/economics/research/working-papers/carleton-economic-papers-cep-1991-2000/
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Paper provided by Carleton University, Department of Economics in its series Carleton Economic Papers with number 96-05.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Aug 1996
Date of revision: May 1999
Publication status: Published: – revised version in Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 32, No. 3 (May 1999), pp. 613–629
Handle: RePEc:car:carecp:96-05
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