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The irrelevance of national strategies? Rural poverty creation and reduction in states and regions of India


  • Anirudh Krishna
  • Abusaleh Shariff


Examining panel data for more than 13,000 rural Indian households over the 12-year period 1993-94 – 2004-05 confirms on a large scale what grassroots studies have identified before: two parallel and opposite flows regularly reconfigure the national stock of poverty. Some formerly poor people have escaped poverty; concurrently, some formerly non-poor people have fallen into the pool of poverty. These inward and outward flows are asymmetric in terms of reasons. One set of reasons is associated with the flow into poverty, but a different set of reasons has helped raise households out of poverty. Both sets of reasons vary considerably across and within states. Not a single factor matters consistently across all states of India. Any standardised national policy is thus largely irrelevant. Diverse threats operate and different opportunities exist that must be identified and tackled at the sub-national level. This paper was presented at the Chronic Poverty Research Centre International Conference on ‘Ten Years of “War against Poverty”: What have we learned since 2000 and what we should do 2010-2020?’ Manchester, UK, 8-10 September 2010.

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  • Anirudh Krishna & Abusaleh Shariff, 2010. "The irrelevance of national strategies? Rural poverty creation and reduction in states and regions of India," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series 13910, GDI, The University of Manchester.
  • Handle: RePEc:bwp:bwppap:13910

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    Cited by:

    1. Amanda Lenhardt & Andrew Shepherd, 2013. "What has happened to the poorest 50%?," Global Development Institute Working Paper Series 18413, GDI, The University of Manchester.

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