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The Effect of a Change in Legislation on the Wage Gap in Brazil

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge Saba Arbache

    () (Departamento de Economia (Department of Economics) Faculdade de Economia, Administração, Contabilidade e Ciência da Informação e Documentação (FACE) (Faculty of Economics, Administration, Accounting and Information Science) Universidade de Brasília)

  • Paulo R. A. Loureiro

    (Departamento de Economia (Department of Economics) Faculdade de Economia, Administração, Contabilidade e Ciência da Informação e Documentação (FACE) (Faculty of Economics, Administration, Accounting and Information Science) Universidade de Brasília)

Abstract

The article investigates the existence of wage gap for gender in the Brazilian labor market. The introduction of compulsory open exams applied in Brazil to public service job candidates as a way to prevent clientelism and nepotism. Our hypothesis is that if there is discrimination, so we should observe gender wage gap reduction after the introduction of the open exams. We find evidence in favor of this hypothesis, thus suggesting that there is discrimination against women, even if we assume that male and female employees have the same human capital characteristics within each public sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Saba Arbache & Paulo R. A. Loureiro, 2010. "The Effect of a Change in Legislation on the Wage Gap in Brazil," Working papers - Textos para Discussao do Departamento de Economia da Universidade de Brasilia 343, Departamento de Economia da Universidade de Brasilia.
  • Handle: RePEc:brs:wpaper:343
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    File URL: http://e-groups.unb.br/face/eco/textos/didaticos/WP%20343.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2010
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrimination; gender; public service; compulsory open exams;

    JEL classification:

    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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