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Ex Ante Capital Position, Changes in the Different Components of Regulatory Capital and Bank Risk

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Abstract

We investigate the impact of changes in capital of European banks on their risk-taking behavior from 1992 to 2006, a time period covering the Basel I capital requirements. We specifically focus on the initial level and type of regulatory capital banks hold. First, we assume that risk changes depend on banks' ex ante regulatory capital position. Second, we consider the impact of an increase in each component of regulatory capital on banks? risk changes. We find that, for highly capitalized, adequately capitalized and strongly undercapitalized banks, an increase in equity or in subordinated debt positively affects risk. Moderately undercapitalized banks tend to invest in less risky assets when their equity ratio increases but not when they improve their capital position by extending hybrid capital or subordinated debt. On the whole, our conclusions support the need to implement more explicit thresholds to classify European banks according to their capital ratios but also to clearly distinguish pure equity from hybrid and subordinated instruments.

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  • B. Camara & L. Lepetit & A. Tarazi, 2013. "Ex Ante Capital Position, Changes in the Different Components of Regulatory Capital and Bank Risk," Débats économiques et financiers 7, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:decfin:7
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    Cited by:

    1. B. Camara & F.-D. Castellani & H. Fraisse & L. Frey & C. Héam & L. Labonne & V. Martin, 2015. "MERCURE : A Macroprudential Stress Testing Model developed at the ACPR," Débats économiques et financiers 19, Banque de France.
    2. Kévin Spinassou & Leo Indra Wardhana, 2018. "Regulation of Islamic banks: Basel III capital framework and profit-sharing investment accounts," Working Papers hal-01674376, HAL.
    3. Thomas Conlon & John Cotter & Philip Molyneux, 2018. "Beyond Common Equity - The Influence of Secondary Capital on Bank Insolvency Risk," Working Papers 201806, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    4. Natalya Martynova & Lev Ratnovski & Razvan Vlahu, 2015. "Bank Profitability and Risk-Taking," IMF Working Papers 15/249, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Fabrice Borel-Mathurin & Stéphane Loisel & Johan Segers, 2017. "Re-evaluation of the capital charge in insurance after a large shock: empirical and theoretical views," EIOPA Financial Stability Report - Thematic Articles 10, EIOPA, Risks and Financial Stability Department.
    6. Badar Nadeem Ashraf & Sidra Arshad & Yuancheng Hu, 2016. "Capital Regulation and Bank Risk-Taking Behavior: Evidence from Pakistan," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(3), pages 1-20, August.
    7. repec:ura:ecregj:v:1:y:2018:i:1:p:303-314 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. J. Hombert & V. Lyonnet, 2017. "Intergenerational Risk Sharing in Life Insurance: Evidence from France," Débats économiques et financiers 30, Banque de France.
    9. C. Labonne & C. Welter-Nicol, 2015. "MERCURE : Cheap Credit, Unaffordable Houses?," Débats économiques et financiers 20, Banque de France.
    10. Kolade Sunday Adesina & John Muteba Mwamba, 2016. "Do Basel III Higher Common Equity Capital Requirements Matter for Bank Risk-taking Behaviour? Lessons from South Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 28(3), pages 319-331, September.

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    Keywords

    Bank Risk; Bank Capital; Capital regulation; European banks.;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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