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An Analysis of the Composition of Intermediate Inputs by Industry

Author

Listed:
  • Erich H. Strassner
  • Brian C. Moyer

    (Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Abstract

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by industry accounts for the United States provide industry estimates of value added, gross output, and intermediate inputs based, in part, on data from the benchmark and annual input-output (I-O) accounts for the United States. The GDP by industry data provide a decomposition of an industry’s gross output into expenditures on primary inputs--that is, value-added inputs--and expenditures on total intermediate inputs. Recently, these data have been widely used in studies of structural change and economic growth in the U.S. economy. This paper extends the information available for such studies by introducing intermediate inputs decomposed into the cost categories of energy, materials, and purchased services using a time-series of I-O “use” tables. It develops a conceptual framework for measuring intermediate-inputs price and quantity growth and then uses this framework to prepare nominal estimates, chain-type price indexes, and chain-type quantity indexes for intermediate inputs by industry and by cost category. It also presents contributions by each cost category to growth in the chain-type price and quantity indexes of gross output. Data are consistent with the published GDP by industry accounts and are presented for the years 1992-2000.

Suggested Citation

  • Erich H. Strassner & Brian C. Moyer, 2002. "An Analysis of the Composition of Intermediate Inputs by Industry," BEA Papers 0023, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:bea:papers:0023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brainard, S Lael, 1997. "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off between Multinational Sales and Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 520-544, September.
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    4. Susan E. Feinberg & Michael P. Keane, 2001. "U.S.-Canada Trade Liberalization And Mnc Production Location," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 118-132, February.
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    6. Clausing, Kimberly A, 2000. "Does Multinational Activity Displace Trade?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(2), pages 190-205, April.
    7. Subramanian Rangan & Robert Z. Lawrence, 1999. "Search and Deliberation in International Exchange: Learning from Multinational Trade About Lags, Distance Effects, and Home Bias," NBER Working Papers 7012, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Helleiner, G K & Lavergne, Real, 1979. "Intra-Firm and Industrial Exports to the United States," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 41(4), pages 297-311, November.
    9. Robert E. Lipsey, 1995. "Trade and Production Networks of U.S. MNCs and Exports by Their Asian Affiliates," NBER Working Papers 5255, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General

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