IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

From Make-Use to Symmetric I-O Tables: An Assessment of Alternative Technology Assumptions


  • Jiemin Guo
  • Ann M. Lawson
  • Mark A. Planting

    (Bureau of Economic Analysis)


Since the United Nations introduced the nonsymmetrical make-use input-output (I-O) tables in 1968, there have been on-going discussions about ways to translate them into symmetric I-O tables. The discussions have focused on secondary products that cause the asymmetry between industries and commodities and two alternative assumptions, the industry-technology assumption (ITA) and the commodity-technology assumption (CTA), which have been used for their transfer between industries. Despite much debate and discussion over the years, no definitive consensus has emerged as to which is superior. For the 1992 Benchmark I-O Tables, the BEA prepared and published two sets of make-use tables, which provide alternative presentations of a large subset of secondary products. For one set of tables, the outputs and inputs of secondary products with distinctive production processes compared to those of primary products produced by industries were moved “by hand” to where they are primary, using the CTA. In this paper, the authors use the two formats to compare the different results of using two assumptions to derive symmetric I-O tables. The differences are then evaluated.

Suggested Citation

  • Jiemin Guo & Ann M. Lawson & Mark A. Planting, 2002. "From Make-Use to Symmetric I-O Tables: An Assessment of Alternative Technology Assumptions," BEA Papers 0021, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:bea:papers:0021

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bea:papers:0021. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bryn Whitmire). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.