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Bank Provisioning and Microcredit


  • Santiago Caicedo


  • Dairo Estrada



In this paper we develop a banking model to study the traditional credit and the microcredit markets. We suppose a monopolistic traditional bank that specializes in screening potential debtors based in their risk profile and a microcredit bank that focus on monitoring the riskier profile customers. The model is calibrated with Colombian financial data. The results show when banking provisioning depend only on the screening level, a significant portion of the risky debtors are left out of the financial system and the microcredit bank would not operate in certain market conditions. Nonetheless, when we consider provisions that include monitoring considerations, the microcredit bank would be profitable for the different debtor risk profiles, and its optimal monitoring level is higher in comparison with the ones chosen by the traditional bank. Keywords: Bank Provisioning, Microcredit banking model, Regulation and risk profiles, debtor screening, debtor monitoring.

Suggested Citation

  • Santiago Caicedo & Dairo Estrada, 2010. "Bank Provisioning and Microcredit," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 049, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:temest:049

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Javier Gutiérrez Rueda & Nancy Zamudio Gómez, 2008. "Medidas de Concentración y Competencia," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 029, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    JEL classification:

    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • D42 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Monopoly
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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