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La estatura de los colombianos: un ensayo de antropometría histórica, 1910-2002

Author

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  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

  • Margarita Vega A

    ()

Abstract

El presente documento estudia la evolución de la estatura promedio de los colombianos de 1910 al 2002. La evidencia antropométrica revela un sostenido mejoramiento en los estándares de vida biológicos durante ese período. Se trabaja con una base de datos de más de ocho millones de observaciones, proveniente de la cédula de ciudadanía de hombres y mujeres, para todo el país y por lugar de nacimiento. El análisis muestra un incremento significativo en la estatura de los colombianos nacidos entre 1910 y 1984. El promedio de la estatura de mujeres y hombres aumentó en 9 y 8 centímetros, respectivamente. La dispersión de la estatura, medida a través del coeficiente de variación cayó para el período, mostrando un proceso de convergencia en los estándares de calidad de vida biológica. Las diferencias inter-departamentales en la estatura promedio se explican en un 43% por el nivel del PIB per cápita y la composición racial

Suggested Citation

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca & Margarita Vega A, 2004. "La estatura de los colombianos: un ensayo de antropometría histórica, 1910-2002," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 45, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:45
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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Mejía & María Teresa Ramírez & Jorge Tamayo, 2008. "The Demographic Transition in Colombia: Theory and Evidence," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005128, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Carlos Esteban Posada, 2013. "Crecimiento económico y transición demográfica: un modelo y el caso colombiano de los siglos XIX y XX," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, December.
    3. Diego Ismael León Nieto & Héctor Fabio Ríos Hernández, 2013. "Convergencia regional en el índice de desarrollo humano en Colombia," REVISTA EQUIDAD Y DESARROLLO, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA SALLE, October.
    4. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez, 2009. "Body mass index as a standard of living measure: a different interpretation for the case of Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 005218, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
    5. Miguel Urrutia Montoya, 2011. "Democracia y Crecimiento Económico en Colombia 1958-2000," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009254, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Antropometría; calidad de vida; salud y bienestar; demografía; crecimiento económico; historia económica.;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N96 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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