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Urbanización y compromiso comunitario: cinco estudios de caso sobre infraestructura social en educación y salud

Author

Listed:
  • Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena
  • Jhorland Ayala-García
  • Edwin Jaime Chiriví-Bonilla

Abstract

El presente documento caracteriza y evalúa la accesibilidad geográfica de los proyectos de vivienda de interés social gratuita (VIS gratuita) y para ahorradores (VIPA) a los equipamientos urbanos en salud y educación públicas en cinco ciudades: Barranquilla, Soledad, Malambo, Valledupar y Soacha. Se utilizan cuatro indicadores de accesibilidad de acuerdo con la literatura internacional: la distancia promedio, la distancia mínima y la cantidad y porcentaje de equipamientos en radios de dos y cuatro kilómetros. Como resultado se encuentra que la accesibilidad geográfica es baja en relación a algunos estándares internacionales, principalmente para el caso de la salud. Además, las viviendas gratuitas registraron una menor accesibilidad que las destinadas a ahorradores en la mayoría de los proyectos analizados.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Jhorland Ayala-García & Edwin Jaime Chiriví-Bonilla, 2015. "Urbanización y compromiso comunitario: cinco estudios de caso sobre infraestructura social en educación y salud," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 223, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:223
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.223
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    Keywords

    accesibilidad geográfica; educación pública; salud pública; bienestar.Note:;

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions

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